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Decorative Concrete

 Our decorative concrete services offer creative solutions to elevate various surfaces' visual appeal and functionality. Through innovative techniques like stamped, stained, scored, and polished concrete, this type of concrete work transform ordinary concrete into stunning works of art. Whether enhancing outdoor spaces like patios, driveways, and pool decks with realistic patterns mimicking natural materials or reviving indoor floors with elegant, high-gloss finishes, decorative concrete services cater to diverse aesthetic preferences and design visions. Additionally, this concrete work can provide customized solutions, allowing clients to personalize their spaces with unique colors, textures, and patterns. Our decorative concrete services combine artistic craftsmanship with durability, offering a perfect combination of form and function to breathe new life into any space. Look at some of these concrete finishes, and let us know your favorite! Contact us for your local 'concrete services near me' company.  

We constantly evaluates and learns new techniques to apply to our decorative concrete work. Pacific NW Concrete takes pride in adapting and being innovative with new concrete processes, whether alternative ways to stain and color finishes or techniques to set the stamps in place. 

Different Types of Finishes:

  1. Smooth Finish: This basic finish is achieved by troweling the concrete surface to create a smooth, flat appearance. It's used for indoor floors and areas where a smooth, polished look is wanted.

  2. Broom Finish: A broom is dragged across the surface of poured concrete in the curing process, creating a textured pattern. This finish is commonly used for outdoor surfaces like sidewalks and driveways for better traction.

  3. Exposed Aggregate Finish: The top layer of concrete is removed to expose the aggregates (such as stones or pebbles) within. This creates a textured and visually appealing surface. Used for driveways and sidewalks.

  4. Stamped Concrete: Concrete is stamped with patterns or textures resembling brick, stone, or tile. It offers the appearance of these materials with the durability of concrete.

  5. Stained Concrete: Concrete is treated with acid-based or water-based stains that react with the concrete to produce a variety of colors and marbled effects.

  6. Polished Concrete: The concrete surface is mechanically polished to a high sheen, resulting in a glossy and reflective finish. This finish is often used for indoor floors. And similar to a smooth finish.

  7. Sand Finish: Fine sand is sprayed onto the surface of freshly poured concrete, providing a subtle texture and a slightly rough feel.

  8. Salt Finish: Coarse rock salt is pressed into the surface of wet concrete, creating small indentations. After the concrete cures, the salt is washed away, leaving a pitted texture. Similar to exposed aggregate.

  9. Swirl Finish: A smooth finish is achieved with a swirling pattern added by a broom or unique tool. It offers a decorative touch while still maintaining some slip resistance.

  10. Rock Salt Finish: Similar to the salt finish, this technique uses larger rock salt crystals to create more pronounced indentations in the surface.

  11. Brush Finish: A stiff-bristled brush is used to create a textured pattern on the surface of the concrete. This finish can be used for both indoor and outdoor applications.

  12. Splatter Texture Finish: A textured finish is created by spraying concrete onto the surface, resulting in a rough and uneven appearance.

  13. Trowel Finish: Concrete is smoothed and leveled using a trowel, creating a flat, slightly textured surface.

  14. Etched Finish: Chemicals are used to etch the surface of the concrete, creating a matte and textured appearance.

  15. Form Liners: Texture or patterned liners are placed in the forms before pouring concrete to create intricate surface designs

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Types & History of Decorative Concrete

- Stamped concrete has existed for about 70 years, starting in the mid-1900s. Brad Bowman was the first contractor to introduce stamped concrete. Stamps have since been made to resemble all different surfaces like brick, wood, stone, and slate. If our customers find a stamp they like, we can rent or buy the stamp to get the finished result you are looking for. Decorative stamped concrete is created by pressing molds, aka stamps, into concrete during the curing and finishing process. This makes impressions into the concrete as it hardens. A release agent is usually used so the stamp will not stick to the concrete. It can be used on patios, walkways, driveways, or any service you want to enhance aesthetically. 

-Engraving is a technique where the cement mason needs to be somewhat of an artist or have some excellent stencils to follow. Engraving is precisely what it sounds likes, carving into concrete designs such as geometric patterns or any custom design the customer would like.

-Concrete dyes were developed around the early 1900s by an engineer named Mason Scofield. In the early development of concrete dyes, they were made out of printing ink with a combination of an alcohol solution. This created problems because when the alcohol/ink solution was exposed to sunlight, the dye would fade. Since then, dyes have been developed using thinners such as acetone and lacquer. The Dyes we see today usually are vegetable-based and bond deeper into the concrete providing solid colors to apply to your concrete. Concrete dyes can be used on just about any concrete surface you would like to give, add color to your concrete, and bring it to life a bit! 

- Acid Staining is a chemical reaction that creates subtle tones of colors on the concrete where the acid is applied.  The acid that creates the color is usually a blend of muriatic acid, mineral salts, and water.  The concrete is sprayed with this solution and then scrubbed down. Acid staining is not an excellent technique for older concrete since the stain adheres to the mineral compounds in the concrete, and over time, these minerals are depleted.

-Epoxy coatings provide an extra layer of protection and help seal the concrete and extend the life of the concrete

History 

The history of decorative concrete shows human creativity and ingenuity at its best. Changing a somewhat mundane material into a medium of artistic expression. While functional concrete has been utilized for thousands of years, using concrete with a decorative component gained prominence in the late 19th century. The Art movements of the early 20th century embraced concrete's capability, resulting in artistic concrete adorning buildings. In the mid-20th century, advancements in concrete technology and new techniques, such as stamped concrete and exposed aggregate, allowed for greater versatility in decorative applications. The late 20th century witnessed a surge in experimentation with colors, textures, and patterns, further expanding the possibilities for decorative concrete in interior and exterior spaces. Today, decorative concrete surrounds an array of techniques, including stained concrete, polished concrete, and architectural precast elements, contributing to breathtaking architectural designs that seamlessly blend functionality with aesthetically pleasing visuals.

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